Daniel 10 - Unveiled Battles
Chapters 10-12 are one unit that cover Daniel’s final vision. The vision comes to Daniel in the third year of the reign of Cyrus. This would be 538 BC. Daniel was taken captive in 605 BC and has been in Babylon for over 70 years. In the first year of Cyrus’s reign God worked in his heart to make a decree that the Jews could return to their land and rebuild their temple.
Ezra 1:1–11 (ESV): 1 In the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah might be fulfilled, the Lord stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and also put it in writing: 2 “Thus says Cyrus king of Persia: The Lord, the God of heaven, has given me all the kingdoms of the earth, and he has charged me to build him a house at Jerusalem, which is in Judah. 3 Whoever is among you of all his people, may his God be with him, and let him go up to Jerusalem, which is in Judah, and rebuild the house of the Lord, the God of Israel—he is the God who is in Jerusalem. 4 And let each survivor, in whatever place he sojourns, be assisted by the men of his place with silver and gold, with goods and with beasts, besides freewill offerings for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.”
5 Then rose up the heads of the fathers’ houses of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests and the Levites, everyone whose spirit God had stirred to go up to rebuild the house of the Lord that is in Jerusalem. 6 And all who were about them aided them with vessels of silver, with gold, with goods, with beasts, and with costly wares, besides all that was freely offered. 7 Cyrus the king also brought out the vessels of the house of the Lord that Nebuchadnezzar had carried away from Jerusalem and placed in the house of his gods. 8 Cyrus king of Persia brought these out in the charge of Mithredath the treasurer, who counted them out to Sheshbazzar the prince of Judah. 9 And this was the number of them: 30 basins of gold, 1,000 basins of silver, 29 censers, 10 30 bowls of gold, 410 bowls of silver, and 1,000 other vessels; 11 all the vessels of gold and of silver were 5,400. All these did Sheshbazzar bring up, when the exiles were brought up from Babylonia to Jerusalem.
Approximately 50,000 returned back to Jerusalem. This is actually a small amount of God’s people. The majority of God’s people decided to stay and live out their lives in exile. Many of them had assimilated in with the Babylonians and now Persians.
Ezra 4 explains that immediately after God’s people had returned to rebuild they were faced by opposition. Rebuilding had stopped and God’s people were suffering.
V. 1 - Gives us the time when the vision happened and lets us know that Daniel does indeed understand this vision. Notice that Daniel’s Babylonian name is used for the first time since chapter 5.
Vv. 2-9 - Daniel sees an angel (possibly Gabriel) or the pre-incarnate Christ while he was next to the Tigris river. The vision comes in response to Daniel’s fasting. What is fasting?
Fasting is the intentional neglecting of food, water, or any other pleasantries to be able to focus more on God through prayer and meditation with the intent hear or understand God Himself or things from God more clearly.
Daniel seems to have two reasons for fasting.
1. Daniel wants more clarity on the visions he has seen before, the future of his people, and why things are going the way they are for God’s people back in Jerusalem.
2. Daniel wants to identify with God’s people in their suffering to better connect with and pray for them.
Paul’s says in 1 Corinthians 12 that when one part of the body suffers, we all suffer. This should be our mentality with others in the church local and the church universal.
Vv. 10-17 - The first thing to notice is that the angel came BECAUSE Daniel prayed. Prayers do something not because we have power, but because we are asking our loving Father to do something. James explains to us in James chapter 4 that there are times we have not because we have not asked. Prayer is more than supplication, but it includes supplication.
Ephesians 6:10–20 (ESV): 10 Finally, be strong in the Lord and in the strength of his might. 11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the schemes of the devil. 12 For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places. 13 Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand firm. 14 Stand therefore, having fastened on the belt of truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness, 15 and, as shoes for your feet, having put on the readiness given by the gospel of peace. 16 In all circumstances take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming darts of the evil one; 17 and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God, 18 praying at all times in the Spirit, with all prayer and supplication. To that end, keep alert with all perseverance, making supplication for all the saints, 19 and also for me, that words may be given to me in opening my mouth boldly to proclaim the mystery of the gospel, 20 for which I am an ambassador in chains, that I may declare it boldly, as I ought to speak.
2 Corinthians 10:3–6 (ESV): 3 For though we walk in the flesh, we are not waging war according to the flesh. 4 For the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh but have divine power to destroy strongholds. 5 We destroy arguments and every lofty opinion raised against the knowledge of God, and take every thought captive to obey Christ, 6 being ready to punish every disobedience, when your obedience is complete.
Revelation 12:10–11 (ESV): 10 And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ have come, for the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God. 11 And they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death.
1 Thessalonians 2:17–20 (ESV): 17 But since we were torn away from you, brothers, for a short time, in person not in heart, we endeavored the more eagerly and with great desire to see you face to face, 18 because we wanted to come to you—I, Paul, again and again—but Satan hindered us. 19 For what is our hope or joy or crown of boasting before our Lord Jesus at his coming? Is it not you? 20 For you are our glory and joy.
1 Peter 5:6–11 (ESV): 6 Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God so that at the proper time he may exalt you, 7 casting all your anxieties on him, because he cares for you. 8 Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour. 9 Resist him, firm in your faith, knowing that the same kinds of suffering are being experienced by your brotherhood throughout the world. 10 And after you have suffered a little while, the God of all grace, who has called you to his eternal glory in Christ, will himself restore, confirm, strengthen, and establish you. 11 To him be the dominion forever and ever. Amen.
Vv. 18-21 - Daniel is strengthened again by God and ready to hear the vision. The angel will give Daniel the vision but also explain that he must return to fight other “princes” that are coming. This is consistent with the different nations we have seen in the visions in the past.
• We need to realize we are in a real spiritual battle all the time.
• We must use the weapons the Lord has given us to fight the spiritual battles we face: prayer, meditation, fasting, and the Word.
• Your strength and help comes from the Lord.
• Your strength comes from the Spirit given to you and the Word of God.
• We are greatly loved by God and never alone in the battle.
This sermon and/or the entire sermon series were influenced and impacted by the following commentaries, Bibles, books, teachings and sermons. I am so very grateful for the insight and ministries of those involved with each. Likewise, I am thankful for the insights and input from those who attend the sermon preparation time at FBCCK.
NIV Compact Bible Commentary - John Sailhammer
The Preacher’s Commentary (Daniel) - Sinclair Ferguson
Life Change Series (Daniel) - NavPress
Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries (Daniel) - Joyce G. Baldwin
The Message of the New Testament (Daniel) - Mark Dever
The Bible Exposition Commentary (Daniel) - Warren W. Wiersbe
Reformed Expository Commentary (Daniel) - Iain M. Duguid
Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (Vol. 4) - John H. Walton
Word Biblical Commentary (Daniel) - John Goldingay
The Message of the Prophets - J. Daniel Hays and Temper Longman III
Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Whole Bible - Matthew Henry
Thru the Bible (Vol. 3) - J Vernon McGee
Expository Sermons on the Book of Daniel - W.A. Criswell
A Case for Amillennialism - Kim Riddlebarger
ESV Study Bible
HCSB Study Bible
Teachings and Sermons
The Last Days According to Jesus - R.C. Sproul
Agents of Babylon (Daniel) - David Jeremiah
Daniel: When Babylon is Home - Bryan Chapell
Daniel 9:24-27 - 70 Weeks - Steve Gregg
EPS 2010 Lectures on Apocalyptic Literature - D.A. Carson
The End Times According to Daniel - Jeff Durbin
Daniel’s 70 Weeks - Ken Gentry
End Times Teachings - John MacArthur
Topics for the Prayer Time
*Those who have yet to believe in Jesus
*The unreached peoples of the earth
*Missionaries around the world and for more to go
*The spiritual growth of other believers and churches
*That you would have more spiritual gifts
*That Christians would remain faithful under persecution
*Those who are sick
*Those who have lost loved-ones
*Our nation, leaders, military, and civil servants
*Pray for the health and salvation of the unborn babies in our church
*Pray against the evils of abortion and human trafficking
*Pray for the University of Florida international students
*Pray God would bless our efforts to in evangelism and discipleship
*Pray God would bless our community
*Pray God would bless the churches of those visiting us